This report is part of CRIN's access to justice for children project, looking at the status of the CRC in national law, the status of children involved in legal proceedings, the legal means to challenge violations of children’s rights and the practical considerations involved in challenging violations.
Although Indonesia has ratified the Convention on the Rights of the Child (CRC), the Convention has not been fully incorporated into national law and it cannot be directly enforced in Indonesian courts. Children may only bring cases in domestic courts with the assistance of a representative, and children under 15 are restricted in their ability to give evidence and be heard in civil and criminal proceedings. Positive access to justice measures include the availability of class actions, and the ability of NGOs to file or intervene in cases. Moreover, a 2011 law established a state-funded legal aid scheme, though pending the passage of implementing regulations, it remains to be seen whether this new law will be effective.