This small landlocked and mountainous country sits south of the equator in central Africa, bordering Uganda, Tanzania, Burundi, and the Democratic Republic of the Congo (DRC). Ethnic identity has played a persistent role in national politics since independence in 1962, with substantial violence between the minority Tutsis and the majority Hutus culminating in the 1994 genocide which left 800,000 dead in just 100 days. The present government, led by a former Tutsi rebel army leader, has seen economic growth but continues to suppress freedom of the press and political opponents and has invaded the neighbouring DRC.

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Quick Facts

1094300070Population584640037.398154071096Population under 158180485.2328758110207Number of internet users
167 Human development index108 Happy planet ranking

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