[NAIROBI, 15 May 2007] - A report by the United Nations Secretary-General, Ban Ki-moon, on children in Somalia, estimates that more than one-third of the people who were killed and injured in fighting in 2006 were children, with violence in southern and central Somalia characterised by grave child rights violations.
In addition, he says, continued fighting in and around Mogadishu, the capital, between the Transitional Federal Government (TFG) and remnants of the Union of Islamic Courts forces had resulted in more casualties and violations against children in 2007.
“The recruitment and use of child soldiers by the TFG and other armed groups is a significant concern,” he says.
The report says humanitarian access in Somalia has been severely compromised, with serious implications for children. In the absence of a functioning police and judiciary, crimes against civilians, including women and children, are committed with impunity.
According to estimates, at least 1,000 people died and 4,000 more were wounded in the latest fighting. Another 365,000 were displaced. A medical source said that about 40 percent of the wounded who made it to hospitals were children. "Most of them were school-age," he added.
Eighty percent flee
"Our estimate is that about 80 percent of students and teachers fled the city [Mogadishu] during the fighting," a civil society source involved in education told IRIN news.
He said his group had established that 43,194 school-going children in 88 schools had been affected by the fighting between Ethiopian-backed government forces and insurgents. He said the exodus had forced education authorities to close most of these schools, leaving only a fifth operational.
A group of UN agencies and non-governmental organisations dealing with education, known as the Education Cluster, said the fighting in Mogadishu had paralysed the education sector.
"Over 70 percent of primary and secondary schools were closed as children fled the city with their parents," the group said in a recent report.
Troops had also occupied educational facilities such as the University of Mogadishu, displacing at least 1,500 students, the group added.
However, the government said on Tuesday that most students had returned and were resuming their classes.
"Most have returned and the schools have reopened," Information Minister Madobe Nuunow Muhammad said.
Calling upon teachers and students who have not returned to do so, Muhammed added that the government would set up a taskforce to assist all returnees, including students. "We will do everything we can to bring normality back to the schools."
Another civil society source told IRIN that most students who returned were now sitting their exams.
"It is exam time and they and their parents want to make sure they don’t fall back," the source said.
- Somalia: Two thirds of casualties elderly, women and children (2 May 2007)
- Children suffer from surge in fighting (26 April 2007)
- Somalia: Special Edition of CRINMAIL on Children and Armed Conflict (October 2006)
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Last updated 16/05/2007 06:35:10