[9 June 2006] – The View from the Summit – Gleneagles G8 One Year On, a new report from international agency Oxfam released on Friday shows that decisions made at last year's G8 in Scotland, following huge pressure from campaigners around the world, have led to real improvement in the lives of some of the world's poorest people. However, Oxfam is concerned that while debt cancellation is starting to be delivered, the growth in aid in key G8 nations is not enough to meet the promises made at the Gleneagles G8.
The report comes as G8 Finance Ministers met in Moscow to prepare the ground for the leaders' summit in St. Petersburg next month. It reveals that while official figures show large aid increases in 2005 and 2006, this is only a temporary spike caused by the inclusion of a substantial one-off debt cancellation deal for Nigeria and Iraq. When this deal is no longer part of the equation at the end of 2007, aid figures will plummet unless the finance ministers accelerate the present rate of aid increases.
Oxfam International Executive Director, Jeremy Hobbs, said: "The debt cancellation deal brokered at last year's Finance Ministers' meeting in London is already making a difference but G8 governments must not continue to double count debt cancellation as part of their aid budgets."
True aid figures continue to be obscured because official figures still count debt cancellation deals as new foreign aid. Four years ago, at the Monterrey Financing for Development conference, rich countries promised to stop this double counting. Despite their promise, the practice remains unchanged.
Hobbs continued: "Finance ministers should use their influence to ensure that G8 countries deliver both debt cancellation and increased aid if they are to make poverty history. The millions of people who campaigned for an end to poverty last year will be watching the G8 leaders carefully to ensure they keep their promises."
Last year the G8 promised to increase aid by $50 billion annually by 2010.
Oxfam's report shows that all G8 countries will need to announce new aid plans to ensure they meet the Gleneagles commitment. Although this represents only 0.36 per cent of GNI compared with the O.7 per cent promised at the UN thirty years ago it could pay for every child to go to school and save the lives of 500,000 women who die each year in pregnancy or childbirth.
Hobbs added: "At the current rate of progress real aid is not rising nearly fast enough across the G8 countries to meet their Gleneagles aid commitment to increase by $50 billion by 2010. The G8 must make clear how and when they will deliver real aid increases, particularly for health and education."
- The Independent: Gleneagles 'has not reduced infant mortality' (9 June 2006)
- BBC: G8 'failing to meet aid pledges' (9 June 2006)
- UNICEF: Children's 'C8' Summit 2006
The Independent: (9 June 2006)pdf: http://www.crin.org/docs/oxfam_gleneagles_oneyear.pdf