UNIVERSAL PERIODIC REVIEW: Information and Advocacy Opportunities

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Summary: CRIN has carried out a comprehensive research of the Universal Periodic Review (UPR) to ascertain the extent to which children's rights are addressed in the UN mechanism. This page contains CRIN's main research report, individual country reports, upcoming sessions and deadlines, and more information on the UPR and how NGOs can engage.


 End of first cycle

All 192 UN Member States (excluding South Sudan) have now been reviewed under the new mechanism. The second cycle began in May 2012. CRIN will continue to monitor the UPR and all information concerning deadlines, upcoming reviews, research and analysis can be found on this page.
 



CRIN's 2010 Report: "The Status of Children's Rights in the UPR"

Read the report: English / Español / Francais

Key findings from the report include:

  • One in five mentions focus on children's rights: Approximately one fifth of all points made across the UPR process are children's rights focused, but is this really satisfactory given children cut across all human rights clusters? Furthermore, the findings highlighted below raise concerns over which issues are being addressed adequately and which ones are not.
  • States are avoiding more controversial issues: States tend to focus on, and accept, mostly recommendations on 'softer' issues, such as education and health, and neglect, or reject recommendations on more controversial issues, such as corporal punishment or juvenile justice.
  • NGOs have an important role to play: NGOs lag behind UN bodies and UN Member States in the extent to which they address children's rights in the UPR. Indeed, with States shown to avoid the more controversial issues, NGOs have an important role to play to address the full spectrum of children's rights issues and ensure neglected issues are brought to the forefront of the agenda.

Mid-term Progress Reports

Now that the focus of the UPR process moves onto the steps States are taking to implement the recommendations issued to them in their initial reviews, NGOs have an important role to play in monitoring progress.
 

Progress reports submitted by States
 

States are encouraged to voluntarily submit update reports on the steps they are taking to implement the recommendations made to them during their reviews. To date, only a limited number of States have submitted reports.

The following States have submitted progress reports. CRIN has studied each mid-term report and extracted references to child rights, compiling separate reports. Both the original report and the child rights extract report can be found below.

To read the original mid-term reports for the countries above, click here.

N.B CRIN will be uploading more reports as soon as they become available.

Eighty-nine States have committed to submit a mid-term report during the second cycle of the UPR.

Find out if your government agreed to produce a report, here.


Progress reports submitted by NGOs
 

Some NGOs have also started to submit reports assessing the progress being made by States to implement the recommendations issued to them during their review.

Here are some examples:

Please do share with us any of your reports by contacting us at info@crin.org.
 



UPCOMING STATE REVIEWS (SECOND CYCLE)

Session 26: October - November 2016

States under review:
 
Haiti
Iceland
Lithuania
Moldova (Republic of)
South Sudan
Syrian Arab Republic
Timor-Leste
Togo
Uganda
Venezuela (Bolivarian Republic of)
Zimbabwe

More details of this session will appear here once they have become available.

 

Session 25: April - May 2016

States under review:

Antigua and Berbuda
Greece
Hungary
Ireland
Papua New Guinea
Saint Vincent and the Grenadines
Samoa
Sudan
Suriname
Swaziland
Tajikistan
Tanzania (United Republic of)
Thailand
Trinidad and Tobago

More details of this session will appear here once they have become available.

 

 

Session 24: January - February 2016

States under review:

Belgium
Denmark
Estonia
Latvia
Mozambique
Namibia
Niger
Palau
Paraguay
Seychelles
Sierra Leone
Singapore
Solomon Islands
Somalia

More details of this session will appear here once they have become available.

 

Session 23: October - November 2015

States under review:

Australia
Austria
Georgia
Lebanon
Mauritania
Micronesia (Federated States of)
Myanmar
Nauru
Nepal
Oman
Rwanda
Saint Kitts and Nevis
Saint Lucia
Sao Tome and Principe

More details of this session will appear here once they have become available.

 

Session 22: April - May 2015

States under review:

Andorra
Belarus
Bulgaria
Croatia
Honduras
Jamaica
Liberia
Libya
Malawi
Maldives
Marshall Islands
Mongolia
Panama
United States

More details of this session will appear here once they have become available.

 

Session 21: January - February 2015

States under review:

Armenia
Grenada
Guinea
Guinea-Bissau
Guyana
Kenya
Kiribati
Kuwait
Kyrgyzstan
Lao People's Democratic Republic
Lesotho
Spain
Sweden
Turkey

More details of this session will appear here once they have become available.
 

Session 20: 20 - 31 October 2014
 

  • Read the list of Troika members for this session.
States under review:
 
Angola
Bolivia (Plurinational State of)
Bosnia and Herzegovina
Egypt
El Salvador
Fiji
Gambia
Iran (Islamic Republic of)
Iraq
Italy
Kazakhstan
Madagascar
San Marino
Slovenia

More details of this session will appear here once they have become available.

Session 19: 28 April - 9 May 2014

  • Read the list of Troika members for this session.
  • Read the timetable for this session.
States under review:
 
Albania
Bhutan
Brunei Darussalam
Congo (Democratic Republic)
Costa Rica
Cote d'Ivoire
Dominica
Equatorial Guinea
Ethiopia
Korea (DPR)
Nicaragua
Norway
Portugal
Qatar
 
More details of this session will appear here once they have become available.

Session 18: 27 January - 7 February 2014

Read CRIN's summaries of the reviews for each country. 

The reports were adopted at the 25th session of the Human Rights Council.

Session 17: 21 October - 1 November 2013

 

The reports were adopted at the 25th session of the Human Rights Council.

Session 16: 22 April - 3 May 2013

 

 
  • Read summaries of the reviews for each country.
  • The reports were adopted at the Human Rights Council's 24th session. Visit our session page.

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COMPLETED STATE REVIEWS (SECOND CYCLE)

The reports below include child rights extracts from both the pre-review reports and the final recommendations.

 

15th Session: 21 January to 1 February 2013

France   Tonga   Romania    Mali

Botswana    Bahamas    Burundi

Luxembourg    Barbados    Montenegro  

United Arab Emirates   Israel   Liechtenstein    Serbia

 

Session 14: 22 October - 5 November 2012

Czech Republic    Argentina    Gabon    Ghana

Peru    Guatemala    Benin    Republic of Korea

Switzerland    Pakistan    Zambia    Japan

Ukraine    Sri Lanka    
 

Session 13: 21 May - 4 June 2012

Countries to be reviewed:

Bahrain   Ecuador   Tunisia   Morocco 

Indonesia  Finland   United Kingdom   India

Brazil    Philippines   Algeria   Poland 

Netherlands   South Africa

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COMPLETED STATED REVIEWS (FIRST CYCLE)

For countries below who have completed the UPR process, available are the pre-review reports as well as the final report and conclusion / recommendations from the working group meeting. Click on a country to access all of these reports.

Session 12: 3 - 14 October 2011

Countries to be reviewed:

Tajikistan Tanzania Antigua and Barbuda

Swaziland Trinidad and Tobago Thailand Ireland

Togo Syria Venezuela Iceland Zimbabwe Lithuania

Uganda Timor-Leste Moldova Haiti

Session 11: 2 to 13 May 2011

Countries to be reviewed:

Seychelles Sierra Leone Somalia Sudan Palau

Papua New Guinea Samoa Singapore Solomon Islands

Saint Vincent and the Grenadines Suriname

Belgium Denmark Greece Hungary Latvia

Session 10: 24 January to 4 February 2011

Countries to be reviewed:

Nauru Rwanda Nepal Saint Lucia Oman Austria

Myanmar Australia Georgia St. Kitts and Nevis

Sao Tome and Principe Namibia Niger Mozambique

Estonia Paraguay

Session 9: 1 - 12 November 2010

Countries to be reviewed:

Liberia Libya Malawi Mauritania Lebanon Maldives

Marshal Islands Mongolia Honduras Jamaica Panama

United States of America Andorra Bulgaria Croatia


Session 8 - 3 to 14 May 201
1

Countries to be reviewed:

Kyrgyzstan Kiribati Guinea Laos Spain Lesotho

Kenya Armenia Guinea-Bissau Sweden Grenada

Turkey Guyana Kuwait Belarus

*Haiti will now be reviewed during the 12th UPR session.


Session 7 - 8th to 19th February 2010

Countries reviewed:

Qatar Nicaragua Italy El Salvador Gambia Bolivia

Fiji San Marino Kazahkstan Angola Iran Madagascar

Iraq Slovenia Egypt Bosnia & Herzegovina


Session 6 - 30 November to 11h December 2009

Countries reviewed:

Eritrea Cyprus Dominican Republic Cambodia Norway

Albania Democratic Republic of Congo Cote d'Ivoire Portugal

Bhutan Dominica Democratic People's Republic of Korea

Brunei Darussalam Costa Rica Equitorial Guinea Ethiopia


Session 5 - 4th to 15th May 2009

Countries reviewed:

Central African Republic Monaco Belize Chad Congo

Malta New Zealand Afghanistan Chile Vietnam

Uruguay Yemen Vanuatu Macedonia Comoros Slovakia


Session 4 - 2nd to 13th February 2009

Countries reviewed:

Germany Djibouti Canada Bangladesh Russian Federation

Azerbaijan Cameroon Cuba Saudi Arabia Senegal China

Nigeria Mexico Mauritius Jordan Malaysia


Session 3 - 1st to 15th December 2008

Countries reviewed:

Botswana Bahamas Burundi Luxembourg Barbados

Montenegro United Arab Emirates Israel Liechtenstein

Serbia Turkmenistan Burkina Faso Cape Verde

Colombia Uzbekistan Tuvalu


Session 2 - 5th to 19th May 2008

Countries reviewed:

Gabon Ghana Peru Guatemala Benin Republic of Korea

Switzerland Pakistan Zambia Japan Ukraine Sri Lanka

France Tonga Romania Mali


Session 1 - 7th to 18th April 2008

Countries reviewed:

Bahrain Ecuador Tunisia Morocco Indonesia

Finland United Kingdom India Brazil South Africa

Czech Republic Argentina Netherlands Algeria

Philippines Poland

 

Original Reports

To view the original UPR reports for each country, click here and select a country
 


Further explanation / analysis of the UPR

  • The NGO Group for the CRC has compiled fact sheets on the UPR, including tips on writing reports and drawing up concise recommendations. Read them, here.
  • OHCHR detail on their website how the UPR process works, click here.
  • UPR-info.org have information on the UPR process, including NGO participation. Click here.
  • International Service for Human Rights (ISHR) produce analytical coverage of all reviews, click here.

The UPR in the Human Rights Council Review

The five-year review of the Human Rights Council's work and functioning, and a review of the Council's 'status', were completed in 2011.

Key changes concerning the UPR:

1. The period between reviews has lengthened from 4 to 4.5 years
2. The Working Group reviews have been extended to 3.5 hours.
3. A separate section in the Stakeholder compilation report will be attributed to the national human rights institution of the State under review.

CRIN has covered the review and outcomes. Read the following:

 


Useful Contacts

The Working Group of the NGO Group for the CRC for the Human Rights Council (of which CRIN are a part), comprises a group of children's rights focused organisations collaborating on all areas of the Council's work, including the UPR.

For more information, contact the co-convenors of the NGO WG:

Alan Kikuchi-White, Geneva Representative
SOS-Kinderdorf International
Email: KikuchiA@sos-kd.org

Or Veronica Yates, CRIN
Email: vyates@crin.org

Visit: http://www.crin.org/docs/resources/publications/NGOCRC/subgroup-CHR.asp

 

pdf: http://www.crin.org/docs/Status_of_Children's_Rights_in_the_UPR_2010_22n...

Web: 
http://www.crin.org/law/mechanisms_index.asp

Countries

    Please note that these reports are hosted by CRIN as a resource for Child Rights campaigners, researchers and other interested parties. Unless otherwise stated, they are not the work of CRIN and their inclusion in our database does not necessarily signify endorsement or agreement with their content by CRIN.