Summary: Five years the number of working
children and adolesents substantially
increased throughout Latin America.
Moreover their working conditions have
seriously deteriorated. Current
tendencies seem to indicate that, at
least in the short and mid-term, this
trend will continue.
THE CURRENT DEBATE ON WORKING CHILDREN AND YOUNG PEOPLE IN LATIN
AMERICA AND THE CARIBBEAN: TRENDS AND PERSPECTIVES
Emilio Garcia Mendez/Hege Araldsen
COMMENTS ON THE SPEECH 'THE CURRENT DEBATE..." BY GARCIA MENDEZ
THE CAIN AND ABEL SYNDROME: DIFFERENTIATED LEGAL TREATMENT FOR
WORKING CHILDREN AND ADOLESCENTS
Ana Maria Yafiez
THE SOCIAL SIGNIFICANCE OF CHILDREN AND ADOLESCENTS' WORK IN LATIN
AMERICA AND THE CARIBBEAN
Maria Cristina Salazar
WORKING CHILDREN: FROM PATHOLOGY TO POLITICS
CHILDRENS WORK To be or not to be?
five years the number of working children and adolesents
substantially increased throughout Latin America. Moreover their
working conditions have seriously deteriorated. Current tendencies
seem to indicate that, at least in the short and mid-term, this trend
In the face of what could be considered new expressions of an old
phenomena, there is a need to revise both the theory and the
practices surrounding the issue. Information much be reconceived and
updated, we must propose new methodologies and seek real
alternatives. As far as we know, to date there is no
universalformula. Against the back drop of structural adjustment
applied throughout the region and the fifth anniversary of the
Convention on the Rights of the Child, children's work and its
characteristics seem to hover as giant questions marks.
Within this context there is a need to stimulate an open, indepth
regional debate, which will enrich and empower contributions made by
official organizations, social organizations, intellectuals, and of
course, working children themselves.
This issue of APUNTES presents a speech made by Dr. Emilio Garcia
Mendez during the 1 Annual Rights of the Child Conference, held last
September in Lima. The issue includes an equally interesting response
to the speech on the part of the Rev. Alejandro Cussianovich and a
diligent analysis of the legal and juridical aspects of children's
work by Dr. Ana Maria Yai!ez. APUNTES 5 also includes a presentation
made by Dr. Maria Cristina Salazar during the Symposium on Working
Children held in Sweden last year at the 480 International Congress
of Americanists. We also offer Professor Giangi Schibotto's comments
in response to Dr. Garcia Mendez' presentation. A very good selection
due to the professionalism of both the authors and their texts.
APUNTES is committed to continuing and developing the debate, leaving
its pages open to contributions from these same authors and others
who may wish to collaborate in the future.