Home > Convention on the Rights of the Child > Day of General Discussion 2005

 

Documents submitted for the Day of General Discussion (16 September 2005) on "Children Without Parental Care"

At its 37th session, the Committee on the Rights of the Child decided to devote its 2005 day of general discussion to the subject of "Children without parental care" in order to improve implementation of the Convention on this topic and identify practical solutions and steps for ensuring that the rights of children living without parental care are respected.

The discussion day took place on Friday 16th September at the Office of the High Commissioner for Human Rights and attracted some 250 participants from civil society organisations and government departments as well as young people. For more information on the day's proceedings, read the Programme, or CRIN's reports on the morning and afternoon sessions.


Recommendations on Children without Parental Care

Read the Recommendations issued by the Committee on 30th September 2005.


Oral statements

1. Ms. Rosa María ORTIZ, Member of the UN Committee on the Rights of the Child
Key note speech [Spanish]

2. Mr. Emmanuel SHERWIN, Chairperson of the Youth Committee International Foster Care Organisation
Introductory statement [English]

3. Ms. Alexandra YUSTER, Senior Adviser - Child Protection, UNICEF
Introductory statement [English]

 

Written submissions

1. Association Comunitá Papa Giovanni XXIII (Italy)
Children Without Parental Care [pdf]

2. Children’s Rights (USA)
Overview of Institutional Care in the United States [pdf]

3. CLAP - Committee for Legal Aid to Poor (India)
A Socio-Legal Analysis from Indian Perspective [pdf] [word]

4. CRY - Child relief and You (India)
Children Without Parental Care [pdf] [word]

5. Association François-Xavier Bagnoud (Rwanda)
FRENCH: Stratégie globale de soutien aux enfants sans protection parentale [pdf]

6. Quakers - Friends World Committee for Consultation (Switzerland)
Parental Imprisonment Deprives a Child of Parental Care [pdf] [word]

7. Quakers - Friends World Committee for Consultation (Switzerland)
Child Soldiers [pdf] [word]

8. Georgia State University, Prof. Thomas Whalen (USA)
Appropriate Technology to Support Timely Child Placement Decisions [pdf]

9. Global Initiative to End All Corporal Punishment of Children (UK)
Corporal Punishment [pdf] [doc]

10. Gruppo di Lavoro per la CRC (Italy)
Children Without Parental Care [pdf] [word]

11. Include Youth (Northern Ireland)
Children Without Parental Care [pdf] [word]

12. India Alliance for Child Rights (India)
Children out of Parental Care: Sites and Situations of Denial [pdf] [word]

13. International Advocates for Children (USA)
Submission [pdf] [word]

14. International Federation of Social Workers (Switzerland)
Children Without Parental Care [pdf] [word]

15. International Foster Care Organisation
Children Without Parental Care [pdf] [word]

16. International Social Service
A Global Policy for the Protection of Children Deprived of Parental Care [pdf] [word]

17. Joint Council of International Children’s Services
White Paper on Child Welfare Legislation [pdf]

18. Lebanese Association of SOS Children’s Villages
Children Without Parental Care [pdf] [word]

19. Matilde Luna (Argentina)
Experience in the City of Buenos Aires, Argentina [English: pdf/word] [Spanish: pdf/word]

20. NGO Working Group on Children Without Parental Care (Switzerland)
Recommenation for the Development of International Guidelines for the Protection of Children Without Parental Care [pdf] [word]

21. NICCY - Northern Ireland Commissioner for Children and Young People (Northern Ireland)
Children Without Parental Care [pdf]

22. Plan Finland
Supporting AIDS Orphans in Child-headed Households in Uganda [pdf]

23. Quality4Children (Austria)
Submission [pdf] [word]

24. Jacqueline Ramdatt (Canada)
Protecting the Rights of Children in Residential Care [pdf] [word]

25. Save the Children + Children’s Law Centre
Submission [pdf] [word]

26. Scottish Institute for Residential Child Care (UK)
Creating a Place for Us: An Overview of the FICE Young People’s Conference 2004 [pdf] [word]

27. Scottish Institute for Residential Child Care (UK)
A View from Scotland: Meeting the Challenges of Out-of-Home Care Provisions [pdf] [word]

28. SOS Aldeas Infantiles (Venezuela)
SPANISH: Importancia de la familia en la vida de los niños, niñas y adolescentes en el marco de la convencion sobre los derechos del niño [pdf] [word]

29. SOS Children’s Villages Bosnia-Herzegovina, Sandra Kukic
What after 18? Raising awareness on Problems of Children Without Parental Care in Bosnia and Herzegovina [pdf] [word]

30. SOS Children’s Villages Manila (Philippines)
Contemporary Challenges in Out-of-home Care [pdf] [word]

31. SOS Kinderdorf International
SOS Children’s Villages Experience of Supporting the Transition Process from Out-of-home Care to Independent Living [pdf] [word]

32. United Aid for Azerbaijan
Meeting the Challenges of Out-of-Home Care Provision [pdf] [word]

33. Mayeda Jamal (India)
Child Trafficking in India [pdf] [word]

34. Terra dos Homens (Brazil)
- Contribution to the Committee on the Rights of the Child Discussion Day on Children without Parental Care [pdf] [word]
FRENCH: Contribution au Comité des droits de l'enfant et de l'adolescent [pdf] [word]
FRENCH: Annexes: Sur l'auteur [word] [pdf] - Plan national [pdf] [word] - Glossaire [pdf] [word]

35. Plan International
Birth Registration [pdf]

36. Voice of Young People in Care (Northern Ireland)
Children without Parental Care [pdf] [word]

37. Fundación Emmanuel (Argentina)
Right to Foster Care [pdf] [word]

38. Goldsmiths College, BOUNA, E. and SMITH, P. K (UK)
The Role of Grandparents and the Implications of Legal Issues on Grandparent - Grandchild Relationships in European Countries [pdf] [word]

39. First Nations Child and Family Caring Society of Canada
The Chance to Make a Difference for this Generation of Indigenous Children: Learning from the Lived Experience of First Nations Children in the Child Welfare System in Canada [pdf]

40. International Social Service and UNICEF

- Improving Protection for Children Without Parental Care: a Call for International Standards [pdf]
SPANISH: Mejorar la protección de los niños privados del cuidado de sus padres: la necesidad de reglas internacionales [pdf]
FRENCH: Pour une meilleure protection des enfants ne bénéficiant pas d'une prise en charge parentale: la nécessité de normes internationales [pdf]

- Care for Children In Emergency Situations: Implications for International Standards [pdf]
SPANISH: El cuidado de niños en situaciones de emergencia: repercusiones sobre las reglas internacionales [pdf]
FRENCH: La prise en charge des enfants dans les situations d’urgence: enjeux dans la perspective de normes internationales [pdf]

- Care for Children Affected by HIV/AIDS: the Urgent Need for International Standards [pdf]
SPANISH: El cuidado de los niños afectados por el VIH/SIDA: La urgente necesidad de reglas internacionales [pdf]
FRENCH: Le cas des enfants touchés par le VIH/sida: la nécessité urgente de normes internationales [pdf]

- Kinship care: an issue for international standards [pdf]
SPANISH: El acogimiento por familiares: un tema para las reglas internacionales [pdf]
FRENCH: La prise en charge par la famille élargie: un enjeu pour des normes internationales [pdf]

41. EveryChild (UK)
Childcare: the family and the state: A study of institutional and family-based care in Central and Eastern Europe and the former Soviet Union [pdf] [word]

42. UNICEF
UNICEF Submission to the Committee on the Rights of the Child Day of General Discussion on “Children without Parental Care” Geneva, 16 September 2005 [pdf] [word]

43. UNHCR
UNHCR contribution to the general discussion of the Committee on the Rights of the Child on “Children without parental care ” [pdf] [word]

44. Bruce Abramson
Suggestions for Guidelines Pertaining to Children [and Adolescents] without Parental Care
[pdf] [word]

45. Save the Children
Some Highlights from Children's Participation in the UN Secretary-General's Study on Violence against Children [pdf]

46. India Alliance for Child Rights

- Children’s Right to Parenting Care and Support [pdf] [word]

- Children Without Parental Care, the Indian Context 2005 [pdf] [word]

 

Background papers

1. SOS Kinderdorf International
A Child’s right to a family [pdf]

2. Council of Europe

- Recommendation Rec(2005)5 of the Committee of Ministers to member states on the rights of children living in residential institutions
[pdf] [word]
FRENCH: Recommandation Rec(2005)5 du Comité des Ministres aux Etats membres relative aux droits des enfants vivant en institution [pdf] [word]

- Recommendation 1601 (2003)1 Improving the lot of abandoned children in institutions [pdf]
FRENCH: Recommandation 1601 (2003)1 Amélioration du sort des enfants abandonnés en institution [pdf]

- Explanatory Report [pdf] [word]
FRENCH: Rapport explicatif [pdf] [word]

- The rights of children in institutions: follow-up to Recommendation 1601 (2003) of the Parliamentary Assembly [pdf] [word]
FRENCH: Les droits des enfants en institutions : un suivi à la Recommandation 1601 (2003) de l’Assemblée parlementaire [pdf] [word]

- The rights of children in institutions: follow-up to Recommendation 1601 (2003) of the Parliamentary Assembly (Document 10452) [word]
FRENCH:
Les droits des enfants en institutions : un suivi à la Recommandation 1601 (2003) de l’Assemblée parlementaire (Document 10452) [pdf] [word]

- Children in institutions: prevention and alternative care [pdf] [word]
FRENCH: Enfants vivant en institution: prévention et mesures alternatives [pdf] [word]

3. Kjerstin Dahlblom
"Home alone" - the true story Children as caretakers in León, Nicaragua [pdf]
"Home Alone" Explanatory Note [pdf]

4. UNICEF

- Survey on Child Abuse in Residential Care Institutions in Romania
Introduction [pdf] [word] Chapter I [pdf] [word] Chapter II [pdf] [word] Chapter III [pdf] [word]

- Policy Framework for Orphans and Other Children Made Vulnerable by HIV and AIDS inSouth Africa: "Building a Caring Sociaty Together" [pdf] [word]

- Study of Institutionalised Children in Azerbaijan: Children's Rights and Possibilities of De-institutionalisation Reform [word]

- Tool for Analytical Review of State Accountability to Protect Children from Violence in Care, in Juvenile Justice and in the Education System (Regional Consultation for the UN Study on Violence Against Children) [pdf] [word]

- Childcare System Reform in Romania [pdf]

- The Situation od Child Abandonment in Romania [pdf]

- Flow Model Institutionalised Children in Romania and the Determining Variables [pdf]

- Republic of Moldova: Life Skills Education for Prevention of Traf?cking in Human Beings, Evaluation report [pdf]


Registration

The discussion will take place at the Office of the UN High Commissioner for Human Rights, Palais Wilson, 52 rue des Pâquis, Geneva, Switzerland. It is a public meeting. Government representatives, individual experts, United Nations bodies and specialised agencies, as well as members of civil society are welcome. However, all participants must register in advance.

Download a registration form from the OHCHR website.

For more information, contact:
Secretariat, Committee on the Rights of the Child,
Office of the High Commissioner for Human Rights, UNOG-OHCHR,
CH-1211 Geneva 10, Switzerland
Email: CRCgeneraldiscussion@ohchr.org
Website:
Committee on the Rights of the Child


Side Event

The Working Group on Children without Parental Care (of the NGO Group for the CRC) is holding a meeting on "The need for international standards for children without parental care" on Thursday, 15th September from 13.00 to 17.00.

The aims of this meeting are to highlight the need for international standards for the protection of children without parental care; to facilitate the exchange of information and good practice between NGOs working with, and for, children without parental care and; to identify issues of common interest and possible next steps to address them.

For further information, please contact Ms. Véronique Lerch or download the programme.


Background

The UN General Assembly 2002 Special Session on Children recognised that there are currently many children who are orphaned or otherwise separated from their parents due to a large variety of reasons. It adopted a Plan of Action which committed Members States to take special measures "to support such children and the institutions, facilites andservices that care for them, and to build and strengthen childrens own abilites to protect themselves".

Consequently, the Committee on the Rights of the Child, the body of independent experts responsible for reviewing progress made by States parties in implementing the Convention on the Rights of the Child decided at its 37th session to devote its 2005 day of general discussion to the subject of "Children without parental care".

The Committee has identified three main areas to be considered during the day of general discussion:

  • What types of legal frameworks are most likely to ensure that the rights of the child are safeguarded before, during and after separation from parents?
  • What family support and alternative care policies can be recommended to help prevent and reduce separation and ensure the most appropriate use of alternative substitute care?
  • What opportunities exist for increasing the participation of children in measures to keep them in safety with their family, and in other decisions about their care, including those pertaining to removal, alternative care placements, and reunification?

As the theme of its 2005 Day of General Discussion has a wide scope, the Committee proposes that participants to this meeting be divided into two working groups based on the two following areas in order to focus discussions:
-
Working Group 1: States’ Role in Preventing and Regulating Separation
- Working Group 2: Meeting the Challenges of Out-of-Home Care Provision


Documents submitted for previous Days of General Discussion:

22 September 2000: State Violence against Children
28 September 2001: Violence against Children in the Family and in Schools
20 September 2002: The Private Sector as Service Provider and its Role in Implementing Child Rights
19 September 2003: The Rights of Indigenous Children
17 September 2004: Implementing Child Rights in Early Childhood